Energy and Thermodynamic Basics



Understanding basic physical concepts used in engineering

Module type

basic module








150 hours course attendance; 100 hours self-study

Credits points


Recommended qualifications


Thermodynamics Fundamentals

Learning Outcome

After the successful participation in the course Thermodynamics Fundamentals the students are able to:

  • know the basic concepts, principles and the properties of thermodynamics and thermodynamic equilibria of pure fluids and mixtures
  • control the mass balance, energy and entropy and exergy analysis of thermodynamic systems and processes
  • master the wet air diagram and unit operations of the air treatment


  • Fundamentals of thermodynamic e.g. open and closed systems, steadystate processing, state of matter, heat, molecular agitations, ideal gases, real gases
  • thermodynamic properties (internal energy, enthalpy, free energy, free enthalpy, entropy, specific heat)
  • first and second law of thermodynamics for a closed system
  • thermodynamic relations (Gibbs equations, Maxwell's equations, characteristic functions, general expressions of S, U and H, general relationship between Cp and Cv)
  • thermodynamic equilibrium phases (chemical potentials)
  • state equations applied to pure fluids (state equation of ideal gases)
  • thermodynamics of mixtures (mixture of ideal gases, ideal solutions)
  • first law of thermodynamics for open systems (mass and energy balance)
  • second law of thermodynamics for open systems (entropy balance sheet)
  • exergy analysis (generation of entropy and exergy destruction, application to steady flows and closed systems)
  • gas turbine (operating principle, Brayton cycle, inverted Brayton cycle), steam turbine (block diagram, Rankine cycles)
  • engines
  • refrigeration machines, single-stage and two-stage vapor compression (schematic diagrams, thermodynamic cycles in PH and TS diagrams, two-stage compression and expansion)
  • cryogenic thermodynamic processes; liquefaction of air (Linde and Claude cycles)
  • production of dry ice


  • Lecturer: Abdelmajid Jemni; Habib Ben Aissia
  • Teaching method: lecture, exercise
  • SWS: 2
  • Credit points: 2
  • Examination: midterm assignments (1/3); final exam (2/3)

Heat Transfer Fundamentals

Learning Outcome

After the successful participation in the course Heat Transfer Fundamentals the students are able to:

  • know the basic concepts of thermal laws and identify the three ways of heat transfer (conduction, convection, radiation)
  • set equation and solve a simple problem of heat transfer in the case of regular geometries subjected to different types of boundary conditions
  • understand, model and control analytical and numerical techniques for solving heat
    conduction problems
  • define and implement a heat conduction equation problem and choose the appropriate method to solve and interpret the numerical results


  • Heat transfer basics: specific terms (temperature, heat flux, heat, isothermal surfaces); thermo physical characteristics; heat transfer methods (mechanisms and Fourier's, Newton's and Stefan’s laws); simultaneous heat transfers.
  • Problem resolution of heat transfer: heat balance concept; general equation of conduction; boundary conditions; electrical analogy; systems with internal heat source.
  • Thermal fins study: introduction to the fins (applications, forms, materials, ... etc.); heat balance; performance and efficiency.
  • Steady conduction: analytical solution of the Laplace equation; steady numerical methods.
  • Unsteady conduction: dimensionless numbers (Biot and Fourier); thermally thin systems (low Biot); analytical and numerical methods.
  • Introduction to convection: heat transfer by convection; the general equations of transfer; boundary layers.
  • Forced convection: external flows; the experimental and theoretical methods; flow around a cylinder, sphere and a tube bundle; internal flows; hydrodynamic and thermal considerations; laminar flow in circular tubes; correlation for turbulent flow in circular
    and non-circular tubes.
  • Natural convection: boussinesq Model; similarity; natural convection near a vertical wall; correlations for natural convection


  • Lecturer: Naceur Borgini; Naoual Daouas; Maher Ben Chiekh
  • Teaching method: lecture, exercise
  • SWS: 4
  • Credit points: 4
  • Examination: midterm assignments (1/3); final exam (2/3)

Fluid Mechanics Fundamentals

Learning Outcome

After the successful participation in the course Fluid Mechanics Fundamentals the students are able to:

  • measure the pressure and the velocity
  • calculate hydrostatic strength
  • determine the velocity profiles (in a pipe and inside the boundary layer) and determine the friction forces


  • Fluid specifications, dimensions and units
  • the basic law of the hydrostatic
  • the applications (pressure variation, measuring pressure, hydrostatic force on a surface)
  • fluid kinematics; dynamics of perfect incompressible fluids (Bernoulli equation, applications e.g. speed measurement)
  • Euler theorem
  • dynamic of real incompressible fluids (Couette experience, laminar viscous flow, Poiseuille flow)
  • concept of loss and singular linear load
  • boundary layer (concept of the boundary layer, local and global equations of the boundary layer, characteristics of the boundary layer, accurate and approximate solutions of the boundary layer)
  • similitude and dimensional analysis; dynamics of elastic fluids (unidirectional flow)
  • shockwave


  • Lecturer: Hacen Dhahri; Khalifa Mejbri; Ramla Gheith
  • Teaching method: lecture, exercise
  • SWS: 4
  • Credit points: 4
  • Examination: midterm assignments (1/3); final exam (2/3)